Legal Notice for Cheque Bounce and Fraud: A Comprehensive Guide


In the realm of business and financial transactions, cheques play a crucial role as a medium for payment. However, when a cheque bounces due to insufficient funds, it can lead to serious legal consequences for the issuer. This blog post aims to provide a detailed understanding of the legal notice sent in cases of cheque bounce and fraud, including the relevant legal provisions and steps involved.

Understanding the Legal Notice

A legal notice is a formal communication sent by one party to another to assert their legal rights and demand compliance with a particular action or remedy. In cases of cheque bounce and fraud, sending a legal notice is often the first step towards seeking redressal. Let’s break down the components of a legal notice typically sent in such cases:

  1. Introduction
  • Advocate’s Address: The notice begins with the advocate’s name and address.
  • Party’s Name and Address: The recipient’s name and address are mentioned here.
  • Date: The date of issuance of the notice.
  1. Brief Background
  • The notice provides a brief background of the relationship or transaction between the parties involved. In this case, it mentions the acquaintance of the client with the recipient’s husband.
  1. Issuance of Cheque
  • Details regarding the issuance of the cheque are outlined, including the purpose (expansion of the recipient’s business) and the amount.
  1. Promise to Repay
  • The recipient is alleged to have promised to repay the amount within a specified time frame.
  1. Dishonoured Cheque
  • It is highlighted that the cheque issued by the recipient was dishonoured by the bank due to insufficient funds.
  1. Re-Presentation of Cheque
  • The recipient’s husband requested re-presentation of the cheque with an assurance to arrange for funds, but the second presentation also resulted in dishonour.
  1. Accusations of Fraud
  • The notice asserts that the recipient’s actions, including issuing a cheque without sufficient funds, indicate dishonest intentions to deceive and cheat the client.
  1. Legal Consequences
  • The notice mentions the potential legal consequences, including civil liability, under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, and criminal liability under Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC).
  1. Demand for Payment
  • The recipient is called upon to repay the cheque amount along with interest within fifteen days from the receipt of the notice. Failure to do so may lead to legal action.
  1. Costs and Consequences
  • The recipient is informed that the costs of issuing the legal notice (Rs. 2,100) are to be borne by them.

Legal Backing: Sections 138 of NI Act and 420 of IPC

  • Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act: This section deals specifically with the dishonour of cheques due to insufficient funds. It outlines the legal consequences and penalties for the issuer.
  • Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code: This section deals with the offense of cheating, which includes acts with dishonest intentions to deceive someone. In cases of cheque bounce with fraudulent intent, this section can be invoked.


Understanding the intricacies of legal notices in cases of cheque bounce and fraud is essential for both parties involved. While the issuer faces legal consequences for dishonouring a cheque, the recipient must be aware of their rights and responsibilities. Seeking legal counsel and complying with the legal notice is crucial to navigate these complex situations.


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