What are the provisions under Domestic Violence Act, 2005?

Understanding the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005


In India, the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 (DV Act) plays a pivotal role in safeguarding women’s rights and well-being within the household. This comprehensive blog post aims to shed light on the DV Act, its key provisions, and the reliefs it offers to women facing domestic violence. Let’s dive into this important legislation and understand how it empowers women.

The Genesis of the DV Act

Before the enactment of the DV Act, women primarily relied on Section 498-A of the Indian Penal Code, 1860, which dealt with cruelty by a husband or relative. However, this was limited to specific offenses related to cruelty against married women. The DV Act was introduced to address this limitation and provide broader protection to women facing domestic violence.

Objective of the DV Act

The DV Act’s primary objective is to offer effective protection to women’s rights guaranteed under the Constitution. It focuses on victims of violence occurring within the family, aiming to prevent violence and ensure the security and protection of wives, regardless of their proprietary rights in their residences.

Key Definitions under the DV Act

  • Aggrieved Person: According to Section 2(a) of the DV Act, an “aggrieved person” refers to any woman who is or has been in a domestic relationship with the respondent and has experienced domestic violence. This definition ensures that any woman in a domestic relationship can seek recourse under the Act, regardless of the duration of their relationship.
  • Shared Household: The DV Act recognizes a woman’s right to reside in a shared household. This term refers to a property where the woman resides or has resided with the respondent. It ensures that women cannot be evicted from such households except through due legal process.

Role of Service Providers

Service Providers, as defined in Section 10(1) of the DV Act, include NGOs, companies, or voluntary organizations registered under state laws. They play a crucial role in assisting women facing domestic violence by providing services such as shelter homes, medical aid, legal aid, and more.

Filing a Complaint of Domestic Violence

Women facing domestic violence can file complaints in the following ways:

  • Approach the police station and register a complaint.
  • File a complaint with a Protection Officer or Service Provider.
  • Directly approach the Magistrate.

The law ensures that women are informed about their rights and the available services, including legal aid and remedies under Section 498-A of the Indian Penal Code.

Jurisdiction of the Court

Under Section 27 of the DV Act, a first-class magistrate or metropolitan court has jurisdiction to grant protection orders and other remedies under the Act. The jurisdiction is based on factors such as the place of residence, business, employment, or the location where the cause of action arises.

Reliefs Available under the DV Act

The DV Act provides several remedies for aggrieved persons:

  • Protection Orders: These orders prohibit the respondent from committing domestic violence, entering certain places, or attempting to contact the aggrieved person.
  • Residence Orders: They ensure that the aggrieved person can reside in a shared household or receive an alternative accommodation.
  • Monetary Relief: The Act allows for orders directing the respondent to pay compensation for expenses, medical bills, and maintenance.
  • Custody Orders: These orders grant temporary custody of children to the aggrieved woman to prevent separation from her children.
  • Compensation Orders: Compensation and damages may be awarded for injuries, mental torture, and emotional distress caused by domestic violence.
  • Magistrate’s Power to Grant Interim Orders: The Magistrate can grant interim orders if the application prima facie discloses domestic violence or the likelihood of it occurring.


The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, serves as a powerful tool to protect women’s rights and well-being within the household. It provides a wide range of reliefs and legal avenues to empower aggrieved women. Understanding this legislation is essential for anyone seeking protection from domestic violence or supporting those who do.



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